Books and Book Chapters

Hate Crimes in Cyberspace
(Harvard University Press 2014)

Book Page



Why Combating Online Abuse Is Good For Free Speech, in Free Speech in the Digital Age (Susan Brison and Katharine Gelber, eds. Oxford University Press forthcoming 2018).

The Surveillance Implications of Combatting Cyber Harassment, in Cambridge Handbook of Surveillance Law (David Gray and Stephen Henderson, eds. 2017) (with Liz Clark Rinehart) (2017).

The Right to Sexual Privacy
Visions of Privacy in the Modern Age (Marc Rotenberg, Jeramie Scott, and Julia Horwitz, eds. New Press 2015)

Civil Rights in the Information Age
The Offensive Internet: Speech, Privacy and Reputation
(Martha Nussbaum & Saul Levmore, eds. Harvard University Press, 2010)

Articles and Essays

Sexual Privacy, Yale Law Journal (forthcoming)

Deep Fakes: A Looming Crisis for Privacy, Democracy, and National Security, 107 Calif. L. Rev. (forthcoming 2019) (with Robert Chesney)

A Poor Mother’s Right to Privacy: A Review, 98 B.U. L. Rev. (forthcoming)

Platform Justice (with Quinta Jurecic)

Four Principles for Digital Speech (You Won’t Believe #3!), 95 Wash. U. L. Rev. 1353 (2018) (with Neil Richards)

Extremist Speech, Compelled Conformity, and Censorship Creep, 93 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1035 (2018).

Risk and Anxiety: A Theory of Data Breach Harms, 96 Texas L. Rev. (2018) (with Daniel J. Solove).

  • Winner of 2016 Privacy for Policymakers award

The Internet Will Not Break: Denying Bad Samaritans Section 230 Immunity, 86 Fordham L. Rev. 401 (with Benjamin Wittes).

The Privacy Policymaking of State Attorneys General, 92 Notre Dame Law Review 747 (2016)

  • Recipient of the International Association of Privacy Professionals award for Best Paper at the 2016 Privacy Law Scholars conference
  • Winner of 2016 Privacy for Policymakers award

Spying Inc., 72 Wash. & Lee Law Review 1243 (2015)

Criminalizing Revenge Porn, 49 Wake Forest Law Review 345 (2014) (with Mary Anne Franks)

  • Discussed in Daniel J. Solove & Paul Schwartz, Information Privacy Law (5th ed. 2015);
  • Cited by Patel v. Hussain (Tex. App. Ct. Jan. 21, 2016).

The Scored Society, 89 Washington Law Review 1 (2014) (with Frank Pasquale)

  • Recipient of the International Association of Privacy Professionals award for Best Paper at the 2014 Privacy Law Scholars conference
  • Cited in Executive Office of the President, Big Data: A Report on Algorithmic Systems, Opportunity, and Civil Rights (May 2016) and Federal Trade Commission, Big Data: A Tool for Inclusion or Exclusion (January 2016).
  •  Included in Future of Privacy’s Top Privacy Papers for Policymakers

The Right to Quantitative Privacy
98 Minnesota Law Review 62 (2013) (with David Gray)

A Shattered Looking Glass: The Pitfalls and Potential of the Mosaic Theory of Fourth Amendment Privacy
14 North Carolina Journal of Law & Technology 381 (2013) (with David Gray)

Fighting Cybercrime After United States v. Jones
103 Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology 745 (2013) (with David Gray and Liz Clark Rinehart)

Addressing the Harm of Total Surveillance: A Reply to Professor Neil Richards
126 Harvard Law Review Forum 262 (2013) (with David Gray)

Mainstreaming Privacy Torts
99 California Law Review 1805 (2011)

  • Excerpted in William McGeveran, Privacy and Data Protection Law (Foundation Press 2016)

Intermediaries and Hate Speech: Fostering Digital Citizenship for the Information Age
91 Boston University Law Review 1435 (2011) (with Helen Norton)

Network Accountability for the Domestic Intelligence Apparatus
62 Hastings Law Journal 1441 (2011) (with Frank Pasquale)

Fulfilling Government 2.0’s Promise with Robust Privacy Protection
78 George Washington Law Review 822 (2010)

Government Speech 2.0
88 Denver University Law Review 899 (2010) (with Helen Norton)

Visionary Pragmatism and the Value of Privacy in the Information Age
108 Michigan Law Review 1107 (2010) (Book review of Daniel J. Solove’s Understanding Privacy (2008)) (with Leslie Meltzer Henry)

Law’s Expressive Value in Combating Cyber Gender Harassment
108 Michigan Law Review 373 (2009)

  • Excerpted in Geoffrey Stone, Louis Seidman, Cass Sunstein, Mark Tushnet, and Pamela Karlan, Constitutional Law: Supplement (6th ed. 2010)
  • Selected for reprinting in The First Amendment Law Handbook (Rod Smolla, ed. 2011)
  • Reprinted in Women and the Law (Jane Moriarty, ed. 2011)
  • Described as “one of the best works of recent scholarship in Work Law” in Jotwell.

Cyber Civil Rights
89 Boston University Law Review 61 (2009)

  • Excerpted in Geoffrey Stone, Louis Seidman, Cass Sunstein, Mark Tushnet, and Pamela Karlan, Constitutional Law: Supplement (6th ed. 2010)
  • Reprinted in The First Amendment Law Handbook (Rodney Smolla, ed. 2010)
  • Excerpted in Daniel J. Solove & Paul Schwartz, Information Privacy Law (5th ed. 2015)
  • Featured as the centerpiece of a symposium held by Denver University Law Review in Nov. 2009
  • Featured in online symposium at Concurring Opinions Blog in April 2009.
  • Recommended in Daniel J. Solove & Paul Schwartz, Privacy Law Fundamentals (2d ed. 2013)

The Privacy Implications of Deep Packet Inspection
Deep Packet Inspection: A Collection of Essays by Industry Experts (Office of the Privacy Comm’r of Can. 2009)

Open Code Governance
16 University of Chicago Legal Forum 355 (2008)

Technological Due Process
85 Washington University Law Review 1249 (2008)

Reservoirs of Danger: The Evolution of Public and Private Law at the Dawn of the Information Age
80 Southern California Law Review 241 (2007)

Minimum Contacts in a Borderless World: Voice over Internet Protocol and the Coming Implosion of Personal Jurisdiction Theory
39 University of California Davis Law Review 1481 (2006)

Planned Parenthood v. Casey: From U.S. “Rights Talk” To Western European “Responsibility Talk
16 Fordham International Law Journal 761 (1992)

Short Pieces and Op Eds

We Don’t Need a National Data Center of the Poor, Slate, May 8, 2018 (with David A. Super).

Section 230’s Challenge to Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, Columbia University’s Knight First Amendment Institute (April 2018).

FOSTA: The New Anti-Sex Trafficking Law May Not End the Internet, But It Isn’t a Good Law Either, Lawfare, March 28, 2018  (with Quinta Jurecic).

Deep Fakes: A Looming Crisis for National Security, Democracy, and Privacy?, Lawfare, February 21, 2018 (with Bobby Chesney).

The U.S. Has Started Cracking Down on Cyber Harassment, The Atlantic, December 5, 2017.

Silicon Valley Under EU Pressure and the Cost to Global Free Expression, CATO Publication (October 2017).

What We Learn From Government Speech About Hate, Lawfare, August 17, 2017 (with Helen Norton).

The Tyranny of Perfect Surveillance and Other Lessons from The Circle, Museum of the Moving Images Sloan Science and Film Blog, May 5, 2017 (with Ellie Citron)

Follow Buddies and Block Buddies: A Simple Proposal to Improve Civility, User Control, and Privacy on Twitter, Lawfare Blog, January 4, 2017 (with Benjamin Wittes)

Five Unexpected Lessons from the Ashley Madison Breach, Ars Technica, December 29, 2016 (with Woodrow Hartzog)

Like Everyone Else, He Should Be Able to Talk to Whom He Wants, New York Times, November 21, 2016

Enforce Existing Laws to Combat Online Threats, New York Times, August 4, 2016

We Will Look Back at Cyber Harassment as a Disgrace—If We Act Now
The Guardian, April 15, 2016

Attorney Genearal Kamala Harris to Help Law Enforcement in Investigating Criminal Invasions of Sexual Privacy
International Association of Chiefs of Police Cyber Center, October 20, 2015

Online Engagement On Equal Terms
Boston University Law Review Annex, October 19, 2015

Leave the Cheaters in Peace: If You Poke Around the Ashley Madison Hack, You are Aiding and Abetting the Hackers
New York Daily News, August 24, 2015, (with Maram Salaheldin)

Parents, Teens, and Technology: Starting the Conversation
Forbes, August 19, 2015,  (with Julia Jean Citron)

Some Good News for Data Breach Victims, For A Change
Forbes, July 21, 2015

Expand Harassment Laws to Protect Victims of Online Abuse
Al-Jazeera America, March 21, 2015

Regulating Revenge Porn Isn’t Censorship
Al-Jazeera America, February 11, 2015, (with Neil Richards)

The Decision That Could Finally Kill the Revenge Porn Business
The Atlantic, February 2, 2015 (with Woodrow Hartzog)

Companies Should Reject Online Threats
New York Times, Room for Debate, December 3, 2014

On Legal Scholarship, (with Robin West)

To Defeat Trolls, We Need To Do More than Just Jail Them
New Scientist, October 22, 2014

Cops Don’t Take Harassment of Women Seriously—Especially Online
Time, October 17, 2014

Open Letter to Jennifer Lawrence
Forbes, October 8, 2014

Just Because a Hate Crime Occurs on the Internet Does Not Mean It is not a Hate Crime
Time, October 7, 2014

Can and Should Perez Hilton Be Held Liable For Reposting Celebrities’ Private Photos Without Consent
Forbes, September 3, 2014 (with Neil Richards)

Free Speech Does Not Protect Cyber Harassment
New York Times, Room for Debate, August 19, 2014

Big Data Should Be Regulated By “Technological Due Process”
New York Times, Room for Debate, August 6, 2014

The Facebook Justice System: The Social Network Needs to Change How It Deals with Online Abuse
Slate, August 6, 2014

The Rising Tide of Cyber Hate
On Faith (Sally Quinn, editor), July 16, 2014

It’s Simple: Punish Revenge Porn, or Let Men Punish Women They Don’t Like
The (UK), April 17, 2014, (with Mary Anne Franks)

Revenge Porn: A Pernicious Form of Cyber Gender Harassment
Baltimore Sun, December 15, 2013

How to Make Revenge Porn a Crime: Worried about Free Speech, Don’t Be
Slate, November 7, 2013

Revenge Porn Should Be A Crime, August 29, 2013

Sunday Dialogue: Anonymity and Incivility on the Internet
New York Times, Sunday Review p. 2, November 27, 2011